Understand the specific risk factors for caries

While a number of risk factors for caries that ultimately lead to cavities will be covered in this section, there are four primary risk areas that are often the root causes of dental disease: bacterial biofilm imbalance/infection, poor saliva/inadequate saliva flow, frequent snacking/acidic drinks/destructive diet, and poor home care/wrong home care product routine. Experienced CAMBRA clinicians can often point one, two, or all of these primary risks as the causes of a patient’s dental decay. While each will be covered in detail, it is important to note that the severity of a patient’s risk and the resulting signs/symptoms of decay increase when multiple risk factors are involved.

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